The Bohemian Paradise is situated one hundred kilometers to the northeast from Prague. This picturesque area borders on foot-hills of the Giant Mountains in the east and is marked off by the belt of The Jizerské Mountains and The Giant Mountains in the north.
The extraordinary diversity of the landscape with characteristic sandstone rock towns, flora and fauna was the main reason for proclaiming The Bohemian Paradise the first protected natural area in the then republic (in 1955). When considering the diversity of the landscape and the occurence of preserved and endangered biological species, deep forests, as well as systems of ponds on water streams and surrounding small areas of wet ground with ecological systems are of big importance.
The main symbol of The Bohemian Paradise is the basalt doublehump Trosky with the ruin of medieval castle, characteristic at a distance with its silhouette.
There are numerous finding places of agates, amethyst, jaspers, chalcedonies, and other kinds of precious stones in the volcanic rocks. The treatment of these precious stones has been connected with the history of the city of Turnov for several centuries. Turnov has been the natural economical and cultural center of this area and nowadays it is called the heart of The Bohemian Paradise.